|Title||The past tense and the past perfect The|
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The past tense and the past perfect
The past tense • When to use? • I worked for the Red Cross in the 1990 s. • If I lived in the countryside, I would need a car. • Something which has started and ended in the past , especially when the exact time is known • In conditional sentences with the conditional • would (main clause) + the past tense (if-clause)
Make a question and a negative sentence • I enjoyed the cruise. • Did you enjoy the cruise? • I didn't enjoy the cruise. • The hotel guests arrived in time for • Did the hotel guests arrive in time breakfast. for breakfast? • The hotel guests didn't arrive in time for breakfast. RULE: "did" with negative sentences and questions, remember word order
The past perfect • When to use? • I have seen Mamma Mia twice already. • Penny has always had dogs. • Something which has started earlier, but isn't finished yet or still continues; something which still affects this moment.
Make a question and a negative sentence • We have met since Alice moved away. • She has seen her new neighbour. • Have you met since Alice moved away? • We haven't met since Alice moved away. • Has she seen her new neighbour? • She hasn't seen her new neighbour. • RULE: "have" with negative sentences and questions, remember word order